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Sample on The Great Dictator ends with Charles Chaplin’s Plea That Fascism Be Confronted and Actively Defeated.

Discuss To What Extent the Film Builds To This Ending {you have to talk about it building) and Argue Whether It Effectively Succeeds In Its Undertaking

Charlie Chaplin, a shining star during the silent film era took two years to direct the timeless classic, The Great Dictator; with the picture hitting the big screen in 1940. While Charlie Chaplin was one of the key stars during the early silent-era years of Hollywood – this was his first full-fledged talking film; a milestone in his career. The film grossed over two million dollars internationally, was nominated for five Oscars, needless to say it was a great success, solidifying Chaplin’s entrance into the ‘talking movie world’. Chaplin led a fascinating lifestyle both  personally and as an artist and was most famously known for his character The Little Tramp; which portrays him as the man with a funny walk, bamboo cane, bowler hat and toothbrush mustache. Charlie Chaplin fascinating lifestyle is depicted by his funny walking style and the way he attached Hitler’s authoritative when such acts was considered a taboo.

In his movie, The Great Dictator, Chaplin uses life in Germany under the Third Reich to display, explore, conquer and eventually defeat fascism. The plot follows the contrasting lives of an honest Jewish barber, Olmer ( acted Charlie Chaplin) suffering from amnesia who  upon discharge from a medical hospital  came to the rude awakening that the country had a new leader, Adenoid Hynkel (Hitler). Hynkel (also played by Chaplin) is the egocentric maniac who ruled Tomania with an iron fist. He and his Nazi party governed the German people using a fascist ideology, and Chaplin uses this as a tool to help the audience sympathize with the disenfranchised in Germany at the time (Chaplin, 78).  Hynkel depicts fascism in instances where he commanded his soldiers to destroy the Jews in the ghetto. Fascism clearly comes into play as the leader feels that no other races except the Arian race had the right to life.

At the start of the movie The Great Dictator around 1937, Chaplin felt that Europe experience cases of war as a result of dictatorship. Contrary, that Britain and United States, felt that war would turn out to be past occurrence; if the citizens would soothe the fascists authoritarian, and the rulers making use isolationism policy. The dictatorship rule was introduced into the system of governance by the first world wars.  Chaplin experienced pressure from Hitler and Mussolini to either remove the parts that had elements of anti-fascism or terminate the project. Countries like British and America restriction retained matters relating to the informal government only.   The United States made use of MPPDA which was directed by Will H. Hays, to limit foreign influence subsequent to the year 1992.  In 1917, the MPPDA also termed Hays office based their rules on T.P.O’ Connor 43 rules.  The year 1922 marks, the year that Hay, O’Connor and British heads met to discuss the hard economic situation affecting the studio’s industry. The Americans relies on Hollywood attaining BBFC standards, to access the wealthy British market (Gottlieb and Thomas, 89).

The result of the meeting requires the Hays to revise the MPPA to encourage Anglo American co-operation with censorship.  The censorship affected political, military, religion, sex, social standards, and language together with elements of cruelty. The influence ranged from offensive crudeness to the offensive dressing, and scared subjects were banned. The political scene in British aimed at discouraging any foreign susceptibility or stir up social discontent from the citizens. The United States also adopted the same policy, to ensure that film makers create works that will not educate the citizens on dictatorship acts. Prior to 1930s, the censorship majored in moral issues. The advancement and conciliation of the foreign policies, coupled with the prevailing mood of isolationism that was experienced in the United States prompted the political censorship (Chaplin, 45).

Despite the fact that the political censorship remained inconsistently popular in individual countries; the rule was applied to suit all the countries. This came into play especially, when misconducts of a political nature took place in a given country.  The removal of Czechoslovakia from membership in September 1938, by the Munich Treaty agreed by Britain, France, Germany, and Italy; prompted the debate in Britain.  The government officials viewed the Munich Agreement as a vindicating conciliation policy; the speaking minority in the house viewed it as a disturbing sign of the future; this prompted the attack aimed at BBFC censorship on the political documentary. The members claimed that political censorship was applicable to fascists; meaning that they disregarded themselves from dictatorship rules. Later on Sir Archibald Sinclair disapproved of political censorship at some point in a meeting, in the House of Commons. The debate went on and on till the house decided to suspend the matter as it brewed a significant level of propaganda between the member Countries (Chaplin and Kevin, 119).

At this point in time, Chaplin reserves all the rights to mock, Nazi mentality, disregarding any scrutiny accorded to his image on and off screen. The director was making a bold move jeopardizing his family, life and career by producing this statement of a movie. Had the Germans won the war, then a very plausible outcome, he most definitely would have been viscously persecuted for his mocking attempts. It was clear that Chaplin despised dictatorship government particularly, the inhumane nature that compared men to the machines of modern times. Moreover Chaplin’s bibliography, character and public addresses made it it clear that he was truly disgusted with the anti-Semitism practiced by the Nazis. Chaplin aired his feelings on the contempt he felt on authoritarian leadership style at a time when such talks were not taken lightly (Daub, 454).

Chaplin was taken aback by the isolationistic foreign policy that prompted the US differences on conciliation. Chaplin’s work entails serious content but, utilizes comedic satire to criticize the rulers. Chaplin attempts to create awareness of fascism to the society by use of comedy. Chaplin feels that the use of comedy will relay the intended message to the audience as comedy was positively received at the time. Chaplin tries to defeat fascism by satirizing authoritarian society by the use of comedy (Chaplin, 23).

The ruler, Hynkel and his army enjoyed discriminating against the Jews, and the barber was not exceptional. Hynkel aimed at eliminating the Jewish race and holding the title of the world’s emperor. Fascist rulers utilize the army to exercise their authority. Hynkel used his army troops to eliminate the Jews residing in the ghetto. (Gottlieb and Thomas, 86). The troops are usually driven to the ghetto to destroy the Jews. Schultz saved the barber’s life on remembrance of how the barber, once a soldier, saved his life during World War 1.  The barber tries to fight against fascism by educating men of the bad effects of greed. The barber feels that greed remains the reason for misery and brutal killings amongst men. The barber argues that men should not be used as machines as they have the capability of making the machines. In order to survive men needs kindness and a gentle nature to co-exist with their neighbors.

During this time, the barber had set his eyes on Hannah (Paulette Goddard). Hannah is a Jewish girl that resided in the Ghetto. At first, the barber made futile plans, to assassinate Hynkel. The plot involves Commander Shultz (Reginald Gardiner), who happens to be an ex leader in Hynkel storm troopers. Schultz resigned from Hynkel’s army as he felt that the leader mishandled the Jews. Chaplin tries to fight fascism as Schultz resigned on the feeling that the Hynkel was mistreating the Jews. The plot depicts that the workforce in a fascism government can also help the citizens fight the practice by withdrawing from the system. This plot proves paramount as the ruler can be easily overthrown by his employees. The barber with the help of Schultz help the country attains their independence (Daub, 456).

The barber and Schultz disguised themselves as Hynkel soldiers by stealing the storm troopers uniforms. Hynkel, on the other hand, is dressed in civilian clothes, trying to devise a strategy to overturn Osterlich. Hynkel on realization that the barber and Schultz are missing sets his troops into finding them. The troopers in search of the escaped detainees get hold of Hynkel mistaking him for the barber. The instance displays the idiocy of Nazi leadership as they mistake their leader for the barber. Chaplin fights against fascism as the fascism leader is eliminated from the thrown.

When trying to escape, Hynkel’s troop thought that Hynkel had pardoned Schultz. The barber was seen. In the fight against fascism Chaplin gets out of his assumed character and delivers a speech. In the speech Chaplin urges the citizens that he does not want the throne of the emperor but, rather wants to provide all races with an opportunity to help each other. The society requires fighting against fascism to enable the young generation work towards their future. The society requires old age security, and this can be achieved in a world free of fascism (Mick, 18).

One of the most ironic aspects of The Great Dictator was propaganda film yet, created awareness of the propaganda that exists in the society.  Hynkel had a minister of propaganda named Garbitsch (Henry Daniel). The Minister’s name remains explicit to the audience. The Minister influences the Tomanians with a significant amount of lies and deception while acting as a Mephistopheles to Hynkel. The minister achieves this by lying to the citizens that the government is determined to serve their interests. This is not true as the government takes pleasure in destroying the Jew race. At this juncture, the audience witnesses the level of hypocrisy that exists in a society governed with fascism. The minister utilizes his position in the society for his own advantage. On urging Hynkel to pursue the position of the world emperor, the Minister aims at expanding the territory of influence. The minister devises the dictator’s strategy that will use the Ghetto Jews as an element of distraction towards the Tomanians.  The Tomanians remained in the dark concerning the weaknesses of the regime. Further, the minister convinces Hynkel to sign an agreement with Napoloni, saying that the agreement was an easy task for a dictator. Chaplin viewed dictatorship as the danger that existed in the modern day politics.

In real life situation, Chaplin tries to illustrate how Hitler is fooled by the Gobbel (the real minister of propaganda). The monster controls the actions of Hitler while in real sense wants to over throw his fascist government style. Chaplin feels that dictatorship should be placed for a proper course rather that living the vice in the hands of abusers such as Garbitsch (Daub, 457).

Chaplain depicted Hynkel fascism in the use of radios to conduct speeches. During the period, radio served as the only entertainment tool. Every house owned a radio and thus listening to Hynkel ideas through the radio created a disguised impression. Hynkel created a technological idea that the Arian race was the only race with the capability of advancing technology. The citizens were expected to obey Hynkel’s wishes without questioning; as questions amount to rebel. The rebels were constantly punished with Hynkel’s strict officers.  Hitler’s government praised the Arian race over the Jews. The Arians were forbidden from intermarriage with the Jews. The Jews remained subject to harsh treatment because of their race.  The Jews were on the verge of extinction during Hynkel regime. The same case applies to the German rule where the Nordic race was considered superior to the Jewish race. Chaplin tries to show how fascists discriminate against other races and focuses on extinction of the race in this case the Jews. In his speech Chaplin asserts that all races needs to relate well and help each other attain happiness. Chaplin tries to fight against fascism by encouraging the citizens to work together despite their race differences to help each other attain happiness (Chaplin, 56).

The characteristics of a fascistic nation involve powerful and prominent nationalism. The citizens of a fascistic community depict symbol and slogans that promote patriotism. The rulers in fascism, violets human rights in order to, safeguard their national security. The fascisms rulers argue that the county needs security above all things including the citizen’s rights. Like Hynkel, the rulers reserve the absolute right over the army. Fascists’ government requires the attention of the army as these are the individuals responsible for enforcing the orders on the citizens. Hitler’s government utilized the troop soldiers to discipline the rebellious citizens                                                                                                 (Arnds, 116).

Charlie Chaplin delivers an impeccable speech at the end of the movie that clearly depicts Chaplain’s view of the world arrangement. Chaplin argues that; fascist rulers discourage democracy. The citizens require working together as the earth has the capability of proving for every citizen. Acts of greed leads the people to hatred and merciless killings. Chaplin feels that fascisms experiences fear of human progress. Fascist leaders die and the freedom they robbed from men is returned to men. The soldier needs to help the citizens reclaim their freedom by shunning from the brutal acts they undertake on the innocent citizens. Chaplin informs the soldiers that the fascist government utilizes them like machines. They carry out inhumane acts like machines as result of hate. When citizens hold love dear, they will never treat their fellow men brutally.

Chaplin also appears concerned with technological development; emphasizing that a machine reduces the amount of work carried out by the employees. On matters pertaining to sensation, Chaplain feels that advancement renders people senseless and drives them far from their ancestry. The movie clearly defines the connection that links power to authority. Hynkel control the whole country with the rules he feels fit the population. The media organs operate on Hynkel rules. The army acts on his deliberations; the army undoubtedly carries out the orders created by Hynkel.  The country survives on total submission of the orders made by Hynkel. Hynkel urges the soldiers to fight for freedom rather than slavery. Man posses the power to make machines, create happiness and ensure freedom. The ability to enjoy life and freedom lies in the hands of men. Chaplin assures the citizens that with democracy they are going to enjoy a life of freedom and peaceful co-existence (Gottlieb and Thomas, 18).

The media works as the eye of the society; fascist dictators control the media activities to blur societal objective ideas. The rulers employ the use of religious symbols to influence the society.  The rulers appoint friends and associates that appointed amongst themselves, to evade accountability. The rulers view their race as superior to the other races. They safeguard their races from intermarriage so as to ensure that their races prevail and treat the other races with contempt. Hitler hated the Jews to the point of killing them to ensure that they are extinct in the society. Fascism operates against Marxian socialism, which states that human civilization came as a result of conflicts of interest among different groups of people in the society, through change and advancement in ways and production tools (Mick, 22).

In conclusion The Great Dictator is a significant attempt at simulating the occurrences in real life situations. Adenoid Hynkel’s real identity, policy and beliefs, remain conspicuous {no they do not}. The audience clearly notices the parallels, the racism and fascisms policies that occur in the society. The film went as far as pinpointing the effects of fascism in the society and individuals’ social circles.  In The Great Dictator film, fascism is adopted in the entire social aspect of the citizens including artwork. The fascists changed the antique art statutes in relations to their views. The fascists changed technological advancements in a way that communicates their interests. The technological changes were incepted from the war industries. The fascists invest most of their technological goals in the war industry; as they feel that the countries protection and military power form an essential part in the state’s budget. The film satirize Hitler’s regime as the practices and lifestyle were evident in Hitler’s government in Germany. Analysts recommend the film as a basis for learning the pressure fascist rulers exerts to the society. They use the forceful methods of leadership. The film serves as a powerful tool utilized in today’s society to fight elements of fascism. Chaplin’s message still applies to the various fascist societies. The power of happiness and freedom lies in the hands of the citizens. The citizens determine the rules that govern them by their response to bad governing system. The soldiers should aspire to fight for leadership and shun slavery practices. The practice can be attained through loving souls. With love in the soul of men; acts of brutality are driven away (Daub, 453).

Works Cited

Arnds, Peter O. Representation, Subversion and Eugenics in Guenter Grass’s the Tin Drum. Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2004. Print.

Chaplin, Charlie, and Kevin J. Hayes. Interviews. Jackson, Miss: Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2005. Print.

Chaplin, Charles. The Great Dictator. , 2009. Print.

Chaplin, Charlie, Paulette Goddard, Jack Oakie, and Reginald Gardiner. The Great Dictator. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video/MK2 Editions, 2003.

Gottlieb, Julie V, and Thomas P. Linehan. The Culture of Fascism: Visions of the Far Right in Britain. London [u.a.: I. B. Tauris, 2003. Print.

Mick, LaSalle. “DVD Reviews / The Great Dictator.” San Francisco Chronicle (10/1/2007 to present) 22 May 2011: P28. Regional Business News. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.

Daub, Adrian. “Hannah, Can You Hear Me?”–Chaplin’s Great Dictator, “Schtonk,” And The Vicissitudes Of Voice.” Criticism 51.3 (2009): 451-482. Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.

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